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Notes on the strings

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Do you know the music theory? If not, you may have heard about the sharps, flats, A, B, C etc. Notes on the guitar string follow the musical alphabets.
Musical alphabets go like this: …..A, A#/ Bb, B, C, C#/ Db, D, D#/ Eb, E, F, F#/ Gb, G, G#/ Ab, A……………
The notes on the guitar follows the same pattern. So, if the first string open is E, then first fret will be F, second fret will be F#/ Gb, third will be G, fourth will be G#/ Ab…. and so on. If second string open is B, then first fret of second string will be C, third fret will be C#/ Db, fourth fret will be D… and so on. If third string open is G, then first fret of third string will be G#/ Ab, second fret will be A, third fret will be A#/ Bb, fourth fret will be A.. and so on.  
If fourth string open is D, then first fret of fourth string will be D#/ Eb, second fret will be E, third fret will be F, fourth fret will be F#/ Gb.. and so on. If fifth string open is A, then first fret of third string will be A#/ Bb, second fret will be B, third fret will be C, fourth fret will be C#/ Db.. and so on. If sixth string open is E, then first fret sixth stringnwill be F, second fret will be F#/ Gb, third will be G, fourth will be G#/ Ab…. and so on..
 
You may be wondering that there are only 12 notes, but the frets of guitar are very high in number. If so, then what happens after 12th fret? 
The notes on the 12th fret are same as open string notes. So, the notes again start as they started from open string. That’s why note on 13th fret is same as note on 1st fret. Note on 14th fret is same as note on 2nd fret and this pattern goes so on and on. But remember, though the note on 12th fret is same as open string note, the 12th string note is an octave of open string note. 
 
Here is an illustration of notes on the fret-board.
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